Antibiotics administered to livestock and children's infections: what is the link?
There is a link between the spread of antibiotic resistance in human beings and overuse of antibiotics in food producing animals?
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) investigated this connection.
An article published in Pediatrics says: “For all that the overuse and misuse of antibiotics in human Medicine plays a significant role, this analysis wants to focus on a less known aspect of the issue, that is the administration of antibiotics to livestock.”.
Considering to CDC (Centers of Desease Control and Prevention), 2 millions of American people get infected by antibiotic-resistant bacteria every year and the 80% of these medicines is intended for food producing animals every year.
The use of antibiotics in farms is only allowed for therapeutic purposes both in Europe and in USA (Reg No 1831/2003), wherease in China they are administered either as preventive ipothetical infections even in absence of desease or in order to speed up the growth of specimens destined for slaughterhouse.
Most of the medicines causally used by breeders, such as Tetracycline and Streptogramins, are the same used by pediatricians to cure bacterial infections in children.
The more these medicines are used, the more the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria increases.
The latter can reach human beings either through food or direct contact with animals or with soils contaminated by excreta.
In the case of children, the biggest threats come from Salmonella, Escherichia Coli and Campylobacter food contaminations.